E TalkMarkets Topics – Major Stock Exchanges Of The World

What are the major stock exchanges of the world?

Today there are more than sixty major stock exchanges around the world. Sixteen of these exchanges have market capitalizations of over 1 trillion dollars. These exchanges are sometimes referred to as the “Trillion Dollar Club”. Together they account for more than 80% of worldwide market capitalization.

Stock exchanges are markets where traders (and investors) engage in the buying and selling of shares, bonds, options, futures and other securities. Stock exchanges, like other financial markets are key indicators of a region or country’s economic health. Thriving stock exchanges serve as a measure of the health of the economy, and are key indicators of regional and global economic activity and growth.

When was the first stock exchange established?

The first stock exchange was established in Amsterdam in 1602 to allow the public to trade in the shares of the Dutch East India Company or Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie. This was the first time shares were issued to the public in what was ostensibly the world’s first IPO or “initial public offering”. The company was eventually dissolved in 1800, but if it traded today its ticker symbol would be VOC or perhaps DEIC.

What are the 10 largest stock exchanges?


1. NYSE – The New York Stock Exchange

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is located on Wall Street in New York City. It was established in 1817, but wasn’t known as the NYSE until 1963. It is commonly referred to by its nickname “The Big Board”. The New York Stock Exchange has survived a number of catastrophic events like the Wall Street Crash of 1929, Black Tuesday in 1987 and the Corona (virus) Crash of 2020. Since the end of World War I it has been the largest stock exchange (prior to that the largest exchange was the London Stock Exchange) with a market capitalization of $28.5 trillion as of June 30, 2018, the last date noted on the exchange’s website. This is an amount akin to something like 40% of stock market value worldwide. There are over 2400 companies trading on the NYSE. In November 2019 the top five companies on the NYSE in by market capitalization were: 1) Berkshire Hathaway (BRK-A), 2) Alibaba (BABA), 3) JP Morgan (JPM), 4) VISA (V), and 5) Johnson and Johnson (JNJ).

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