Bitcoin: Why The Cryptocurrency Crashed

Wednesday, May 19, was a massive down day for bitcoin and crypto, and there is a lot of speculation about what happened and if bitcoin and other crypto are in a bear market. Let’s look at what happened recently that may have precipitated the “crypto crash”:

1. Elon Musk: The Twitter spat between Musk and the bitcoin maximalists was definitely impactful. Having someone as influential as Musk make negative comments may have caused some people to sell—likely the same people that had bought bitcoin because of him.

2. Reuters broke a story about China banning crypto. A story about governments banning Bitcoin may make people nervous—after all, if one government does it then surely others will too.

3. The OCC1 indicated it is reviewing its previous edicts on crypto. This follows a change in leadership at the OCC, with incoming comptroller, Michael Hsu, reviewing decisions by his predecessor that were viewed as supportive of bitcoin.

4. The SEC2 cautioned investors about the use of bitcoin futures in mutual funds. 

5. BlockFi3 mistakenly paid rewards in bitcoin instead of USD (i.e., giving 100 BTC instead of 100 USD). In the process of rectifying the situation, BlockFi sent letters to clients threatening legal action. This may call into question the stability of a major player in the DeFi4 lending space.

6. There was a tech stock sell-off, with the Dow Jones down approximately -5.2% from the peak. Bitcoin does not exist in isolation, and general market turbulence will affect sentiment.

This may be considered a heavy negative news flow, and while all markets are susceptible to negative sentiment, bitcoin may be more reactive because it is young, decentralized and largely unregulated. When news like this comes all at once, the market could overreact—which may have been the case on May 19.

It’s important to remember that the fundamentals of Bitcoin have not necessarily changed, and it may be worth noting:

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William K. 2 weeks ago Member's comment

Interesting indeed. I do not like bitcoin, I have never liked bitcoin. An effort to displace the universally accepted currency is an effort to destroy it eventually. That should never be in the hands of those responsible only to shareholders, an intrinsic flaw in a public commodity such as currency. That reality should be obvious to all who can see it.