The $88 Trillion World Economy In One Chart

Editor’s note: Annual data on economic output is a lagging indicator, and is released the following year by organizations such as the World Bank. The figures in this diagram provide a snapshot of the global economy in 2019, but do not necessarily represent the impact of recent developments such as COVID-19.


The global economy can seem like an abstract concept, yet it influences our everyday lives in both obvious and subtle ways. Nowhere is this clearer than in the current economic state amid the throes of the pandemic.

This voronoi-style visualization from HowMuch relies on gross domestic product (GDP) data from the World Bank to paint a picture of the global economy—which crested $87.8 trillion in 2019.

Top 10 Countries by GDP (2019)

In the one-year period since the last release of official data in 2018, the global economy grew approximately $2 trillion in size—or about 2.3%.

The United States continues to have the top GDP, accounting for nearly one-quarter of the world economy. China also continued to grow its share of global GDP, going from 15.9% to 16.3%.

Rank Country GDP % of Global GDP
#1 ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S. $21.4T 24.4%
#2 ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China $14.3T 16.3%
#3 ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan $5.1T 5.8%
#4 ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany $3.9T 4.4%
#5 ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ India $2.9T 3.3%
#6 ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK $2.8T 3.2%
#7 ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France $2.7T 3.1%
#8 ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy $2.0T 2.3%
#9 ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Brazil $1.8T 2.1%
#10 ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Canada $1.7T 2.0%
Top 10 Countries   $58.7 trillion 66.9%

In recent years, the Indian economy has continued to have an upward trajectory—now pulling ahead of both the UK and France—to become one of the world’s top five economies.

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