Ranked: The Largest Gold Reserves, By Country

(Click on image to enlarge)

largest gold reserves by country


Gold remains an important store of value, serving as a hedge and retaining value during economic crises. In 2023, amid uncertainty about US interest rates and continued geopolitical risks, the metal once again demonstrated its importance by hitting a new record in December.

This graphic, by Sam Parker, displays the top 11 countries by gold reserves as of September 2023, based on data from Central Banks, the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the World Gold Council.


Central Bank Gold Demand

Most of the world’s gold is stored in various locations, including central bank vaults, private depositories, and jewelry holdings.

Countries maintain gold reserves for various reasons.

Firstly, gold serves as a stable and dependable store of value, enhancing confidence in a nation’s economic stability, especially during times of financial uncertainty.

Additionally, despite the waning relevance of the gold standard, some countries still deem gold reserves crucial for maintaining currency stability.

Moreover, gold’s tangibility enables countries to diversify their overall portfolio. Currently, almost one-fifth of all the gold ever mined is held by central banks.

The U.S. boasts the world’s largest gold reserves, with 8,133 tonnes stored in 12 Federal Reserve Banks across the country:


Russia and China—arguably the United States’ top geopolitical rivals—have been the largest gold buyers over the last two decades. The People’s Bank of China was the biggest buyer of gold last year, purchasing 225 tonnes.

Seven of the top countries by gold reserves are also among the top 10 biggest economies.


More By This Author:

Visualizing Wealth Distribution In America (1990-2023)
Mapped: Countries With A Shrinking Consumer Class By 2030
The World’s Biggest Fashion Companies By Market Cap

Disclosure: None

How did you like this article? Let us know so we can better customize your reading experience.

Comments

Leave a comment to automatically be entered into our contest to win a free Echo Show.
Dan Nicholson 1 month ago Member's comment

Sadly the US gold reserves might be imaginary as the US has sold alot of gold like the UKz and the US still refuses to show the gold at Fort Knox. However BRICS and ASEAN countries are buying gold like there is no tomorrow. That said a lot of gold did go from Iraq and Afghanistan to the US when they were invaded.