This High-Yield Asset Class With Shine With Q2 Earnings

The 2020 second-quarter earnings season promises to be full of surprises – both positive and negative. Shareholders of stocks in index funds like SPY, DIA, and QQQ​ may be in for a rougher ride than they’d normally expect.

With a large portion of the U.S. economy, including companies in SPY, DIA, and QQQ, shut down for at least two-thirds of the quarter, it is impossible to predict what companies will report. However, there is one group of pass-through stocks that I predict will post surprisingly positive results for the 2020 second quarter.

A Business Development Company (BDC) operates under strict rules that define how the company will operate. Congress created the BDC structure to provide financing sources for small-to-mid-sized corporations. BDC customers are companies that are too small to tap the public debt and equity markets. For many of these companies, traditional bank loans are unavailable or too restrictive. BDCs offer the vital service of providing capital to America’s smaller corporations.

The BDC rules provide them with pass-through status, which means they don’t pay corporate income tax if at least 90% of net income is paid as dividends to investors. There are also limits on how much debt a BDC can carry in relation to its equity. The result of the rules governing BDCs is that these are relatively high yield stocks with stable dividends.

The economic shutdown caused by the coronavirus pandemic has proven to be positive for BDCs. Individual business development companies found that their client companies suddenly needed additional capital to keep their businesses going. The BDCs were able to provide other support and guidance to help these clients survive the shutdown. I suspect that most BDCs will report surprisingly good second-quarter results.

When the BDCs reported 2020 first-quarter results, most took writedowns of their loan portfolios, reducing the book or net asset value (NAV) per share. NAV is an important metric that drives the stock market share prices. Quality BDCs will trade at a premium to NAV. The less well-run companies in the sector will be priced at a discount to NAV. The February-March stock market crash pushed the share prices of BDCs to trade at discounts to the reduced NAVs.

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