Dividend Vs Share Buyback: Which Is Better?


Dividend vs share buyback: Which is better?


For well over a century, dividends were the preferred means for corporations to return excess cash to their shareholders. But companies began focusing more on share buybacks in the 1980s to return capital to shareholders. According to Morningstar, stock buybacks have now surpassed dividends as the means to return excess capital to shareholders. In this dividend vs share buyback comparison, let’s check out how they differ and which is better.

Many companies use a combination of stock buybacks and dividends to make their stakeholders happy. A company analyzes several factors such as its current stock price, applicable taxes, investment opportunities, its long-term vision, and its message to investors to decide whether to reward shareholders through dividends or buybacks.

Dividend vs share buyback explained

Cash-rich companies distribute part of their after-tax profits as dividends to their shareholders. They distribute dividends – a specific amount per share – to all shareholders for showing faith in the company and holding its shares. All eligible shareholders get a dividend amount in proportion to the number of shares they hold.

Companies don’t distribute all their profits as dividends, though . They keep a certain amount for R&D and other business needs. Excessive dividend payouts can hurt the company’s long-term growth. So, they restrict dividend payments to the amount they don’t need for reinvestment, R&D, and expansion.

Dividends, especially when reinvested, can significantly boost your long-term returns. For many investors such as retirees, dividends are a regular source of income. Investors are inclined to put their money in businesses with a long history of paying healthy dividends. Retirees and other investors can use dividends to pay their bills without having to worry about the short-term volatility in the stock market.

Dividends are taxed differently in the US. There is an additional 15% tax on dividends to shareholders. It’s something you need to consider before investing in high dividend stocks.

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