March 2021 Producer Price Final Demand Again Increased Significantly

The Producer Price Index (PPI) year-over-year inflation increased from +2.8 % to +4,2 %

Analyst Opinion of Producer Prices

Year-over-year inflation pressures significantly grew againvthis month.

Here is what the BLS said in part:

The Producer Price Index for final demand increased 1.0 percent in March, seasonally adjusted, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Final demand prices rose 0.5 percent in February and 1.3 percent in January. (See table A.) On an unadjusted basis, the final demand index moved up 4.2 percent for the 12 months ended in March, the largest advance since rising 4.5 percent for the 12 months ended September 2011. In March, almost 60 percent of the increase in the index for final demand can be traced to a 1.7-percent advance in prices for final demand goods. The index for final demand services moved up 0.7 percent. Prices for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services rose 0.6 percent in March following an increase of 0.2 percent in February. For the 12 months ended in March, the index for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services moved up 3.1 percent, the largest advance since climbing 3.1 percent for the 12 months ended September 2018.

The PPI represents inflation pressure (or lack thereof) that migrates into consumer price.

The market had been expecting (from Econoday):

(Click on image to enlarge)

The producer price inflation breakdown:

(Click on image to enlarge)

In the following graph, one can see the relationship between the year-over-year change in the intermediate goods index and finished goods index. When the crude goods growth falls under finish goods - it usually drags finished goods lower.

Percent Change Year-over-Year - Comparing PPI Finished Goods (blue line) to PPI Intermediate Goods (red line)

(Click on image to enlarge)

Econintersechas shown how pricing change moves from the PPI to the Consumer Price Index (CPI).

Comparing Year-over-Year Change Between the PPI Finished Goods Index (blue line) and the CPI-U (red line)

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