Visualizing All Of The World’s Water

The following content is sponsored by Hinrich Foundation, taken from the new report Visualizing Asia’s Water Dilemma.

Pie chart showing the distribution of the Earth's water resources and a clustered bar chart showing the number of people living under water stress, based on estimates by the USGS and the UN respectively.

The Scarcity of Freshwater

Water is an essential component of life, enabling everything from food production to electricity generation. Given its ubiquity, it’s surprising to see how scarce water actually is.

For example, lakes and rivers supply the majority of our freshwater, yet they represent just 0.01% of the Earth’s total water resources.

This graphic from Hinrich Foundation introduces their latest free report, Visualizing Asia’s Water Dilemma, produced in partnership with Visual Capitalist.

This data-driven report provides a global overview of water scarcity, as well as a deep dive into the related geopolitical conflicts brewing throughout Asia.

The Total Volume of Water on Earth

The first visualization in this graphic breaks down all of the world’s water, based on estimates from the U.S. Geological Survey.

Resource Volume (cubic kilometers) Percent of total water
Oceans 1,338,000,000 96.5
Ice caps & glaciers 24,064,000 1.74
Groundwater 23,400,000 1.69
Lakes and rivers 178,520 0.01

When you consider the amount of water needed to produce everyday products, this isn’t very much at all. A smartphone, for example, has a water footprint of over 12,000 liters due to the pollutants from production that must be diluted.

To see a visual breakdown of the water footprint of everyday products, download the free report.

Asia Has the Most People Living Under Water Stress

The second visualization in this graphic outlines the UN’s forecasts for the number of people living under water stress by region, in 2000 and 2050.

Asia will lead by a very wide margin due to its geographic landscape, high population, and dense centers of economic activity.

Water: Asia’s Next Geopolitical Flashpoint?

Asia is home to a complex network of rivers that originate in the Tibetan Plateau, located within China’s borders. From there, these rivers deliver water to many of the world’s most populous countries, including India, Pakistan, and Vietnam.

This geographic reality, combined with unregulated dam building along major rivers, is leading to a growing number of disputes among neighboring countries.

 

For more analysis and infographics, download the free report Visualizing Asia’s Water Dilemma


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