Russia: Industry Shows Signs Of Recovery

Russian industry narrowed the drop in July despite the adverse calendar effect, and contrary to the PMI reading. We take the improvement, which was driven by a broad list of manufacturing sectors, positively and was partially attributable to the widening in the fiscal support.

July industrial output in line with consensus, but still positive

Russian industrial output drop narrowed from -9.4-9.6% year-on-year seen in May-June to -8.0% YoY in July. While this result is in line with the concentrated consensus of -7.9%, we still take the result as positive for the following reasons:

  • The improvement comes despite the adverse calendar effect, as July 2020 had 1 working day fewer than a year ago, as opposed to June 2020, which had the opposite situation. Workday effect normally reduces the output in regular manufacturing sectors.
  • It also goes against the deterioration in the manufacturing PMI reading for July. That, combined with the said calendar effect were the primary reasons why we did not exclude a double-digit drop for July.
  • The structure of industrial output suggests that the July improvement was observed in a broad list of both consumer-focused and intermediary/investment manufacturing segments, including apparel, furniture, pulp&paper, chemicals, metals, machinery, as well car manufacturing. The segments that contributed negatively include food and pharmaceuticals, following a spike in the previous months. The commodity extraction sector showed no improvement (with the exception for metals) given the OPEC+ constraints on oil output, which were still in place in July, but were somewhat relaxed since August.

The fiscal stimulus could have been a contributor to the improved industry dynamic, given the pick-up in budget spending from 26% YoY in 1H20 to 37% YoY in July, mainly thanks to the 46% YoY spike in state support to businesses (as opposed to the previous couple of months, when acceleration in the state spending was driven mainly by the social support). In 7M20, the budget deficit has nearly doubled to RUB1.5 trillion, and according to our estimates is on track to reach around RUB5.0 trillion in 2020 on both higher spending and a decline in oil and non-oil revenues. Meanwhile, the spending growth rates are close to their peak, in our view.

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