Australian Dollar Forecast: S&P 500 Gains Fail To Inspire, Why The Struggle?

U.S. dollar banknote with map


  • Australian Dollar losses some ground to strengthening US Dollar
  • Rising longer-dated Treasury yields, rising CPI bets boosting USD
  • This is offsetting some upside Aussie potential from rising equities



The growth-linked Australian Dollar spent most of its time past week trading lower against the anti-risk US Dollar. This is despite a recovery in risk appetite as the S&P 500 pushed higher, though the Aussie regained some strength into the end of the week. There are two fundamental dynamics that may have been contributing to AUD/USD’s performance as of late which will likely remain important to watch going forward.

The first comes from the Reserve Bank of Australia, which unexpectedly extended its government bond purchasing program. This was a relatively dovish shift for the central bank. Such measures tend to depress returns on bond yields on the front-end of the maturity spectrum. Once you start looking at those that are further out, such as Australia’s 10-year or 20-year rate, the opposite has actually been prevailing.

This has also been prevalent at more closely-watched US Treasuries. In fact, the 30-year government bond yield touched its highest since February 21, 2020. Meanwhile, the 10-year breakeven rate touched its highest since May 2018, indicating investors are pricing in increasingly higher inflation down the road. This may be due to local fiscal stimulus expectations, which appear to be benefitting the Greenback.

President Joe Biden has been pushing ahead with trying to pass through a US$1.9 trillion Covid-relief package without Republican support through budget reconciliation. Last week’s relatively disappointing local non-farm payrolls report undermined the case for more support. It is thus unsurprising to have seen the US Dollar give up some of its gains on the data, offering the Aussie a chance to recover some of its lost ground.

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