How Fed Easing Could Be DXY Positive

Currency traders should brace themselves for a very busy 24 hours. The list of market-moving economic reports scheduled for release is long and includes the Federal Reserve’s monetary policy announcement, US retail sales, EZ and UK PMIs, along with the UK and Canada’s CPI reports. Any one of these reports could set off big moves in FX but collectively there’s a serious risk of volatility, divergences, and trend reversals. Over the past month, the US dollar has fallen steadily to 2.5-year lows against the euro, Swiss Franc, Canadian, New Zealand, and Australian dollars. The ongoing pandemic and lack of additional fiscal stimulus has drawn investors out of the greenback and sparked expectations for Fed easing this month.

The Federal Reserve is widely expected to leave interest rates unchanged but there’s talk that they could increase stimulus by extending the maturity of asset purchases. A quick look at the following table reveals the motivation for this outlook. Since the last policy meeting in early November, manufacturing and service sector activity slowed, leading to significantly weaker non-farm payroll growth. Retail sales growth moderated as well as jobless claims spike higher. Low-interest rates continued to support housing and inflation but that may not be enough. For the central bank, the impact of vaccine rollout will be weighed against joblessness. If the Fed eases but expresses optimism on the recovery, short covering could drive the deeply oversold dollar sharply higher. Hours before FOMC, the US retail sales report will be released and the risk for the dollar is also to the upside given the uptick in wages and strong reports of online shopping.

By the time the North American session rolls around, Eurozone and UK PMI reports would be released. Lockdown restrictions made November a tough month for many European nations. We may finally see evidence of the damage in tomorrow’s PMIs. Euro and sterling, which are hovering near 2.5-year highs are vulnerable to a correction. USD/CAD fell to its weakest level since April despite cautious comments from central bank Governor Macklem. He said the economic recovery from the pandemic is at a very difficult stage and there are tools available if we need to do more. Tomorrow’s Canadian CPI numbers should be stronger given the sharp increase in the price component of IVEY PMI. Thursday local time New Zealand releases Q3 GDP. The third quarter was strong for many countries and New Zealand is no exception.

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