The Commodities Feed: Copper Spreads Tighten

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LME Copper cash/3m spread strengthens (US$/t)

Source: Bloomberg, ING Research


US monthly crude oil production: The latest monthly data from the EIA shows that US crude oil production averaged 11.85MMbbls/d over December, which was a 0.5% decline from November, and is, in fact, the first month-on-month fall in US output since May. The decline was driven by Gulf of Mexico offshore production, which fell by 125Mbbls/d over the month. Production in Texas increased by 35Mbbls/d over the month to average 4.88MMbbls/d.

Separately, the Department of Energy announced yesterday that it will sell up to 6MMbbls of sweet crude from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR), with deliveries planned for April and May. This SPR release is part of the planned modernization programme, and so the reason the market largely ignored the news.  

Product inventories: The latest data from PJK International shows that refined product inventories in the ARA region declined by 187kt over the last week to total 5.27mt. Fuel oil saw the biggest decline, with stocks falling by 72kt over the week. Fuel oil cracks in Europe remain firm, having traded to less than a US$3/bbl discount in recent days. European values are being pulled higher by the strength seen in the Asian market.


Copper spread strength: The LME copper cash/3m spread remains fairly strong, currently trading at a  US$46.50/t backwardation –quite the move when you consider the spread was at more than a US$30/t discount over parts of January. The strength in the spread ties in with the view of a tighter refined market, evident when looking at LME inventories, which have fallen from around 150kt in early February to a little over 128kt at the moment.


Global cocoa market balance: The International Cocoa Organization estimates that the global cocoa market will see a surplus of 39kt over the 2018/19 season, compared to a surplus of just 9kt in the 2017/18 season. The growing surplus comes despite expectations that grindings will increase by 2.6% over the season, with the increase driven by strong production from the Ivory Coast- output from the country is estimated at 2.15mt.

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