Natural Gas Forecast: Key Trendline In Focus As Strong Exports Provide Support

Natural gas is on track to record a second weekly gain following bullish export figures from the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). US cross-border sales of liquefied natural gas (LNG) – the most common medium for transporting the commodity overseas -- hit a record high in March, according to data released by the EIA last week. March’s export figure was recorded at 317,678 million cubic feet (mcf).

Photo by American Public Power Association on Unsplash

The new record high comes after years of export growth in the heating gas, and that trend is expected to continue. However, per the last EIA short-term energy outlook released May 11, the US is expected to export 8.6 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d). This constitutes a drop from 9.2 Bcf/d in April. However, peak demand driven by strong demand in Asia and Europe is projected to increase to 9.0 Bcf/d through June and July. That bodes well for higher prices in the coming months.

EIA US Liquified Natural Gas Exports

natural gas exports

Chart created with TradingView

Still, shorter-term weather trends and storage reports may bring some volatility in the near term. The latest 8- to 14-day temperature probability forecast from the National Weather Service (NWS) shows an increased chance of higher-than-average temperatures across the Northern United States. On the other hand, Texas and the Florida panhandle may see below-average mercury readings (see chart below). Overall, the actual outcome looks to be a slightly bearish one, should the forecast turn out as expected.

noaa 8-14 day outlook


Instead, the EIA’s Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report could drive prices. Since we are in the injection season until October, a build in underground storage is typical. According to the DailyFX Economic Calendar, natural gas stocks for the week ending May 28 are expected to increase by 95 billion cubic feet. A smaller-than-expected build may help underpin prices.

Overall, prices may not see their next major move until the next LNG export report, which is due out at the end of the month. Any large surprises in inventory levels or unusual weather patterns may see volatile trading however. It is important to note underground storage levels are below the 5-year average, although they aren’t far off from that level (illustrated in the chart below).

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